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City of Adelaide

Vessel Number: HV000014
Date: 1864
Dimensions:
Registered Dimensions: 53.88 m x 10.15 m x 5.72 m, 791 tons (176.8 ft x 33.3 ft x 18.8 ft)
Classification:Vessels and fittings
Significance
The CITY OF ADELAIDE was built in 1864 in Scotland as a clipper ship by William Pile, Hay and Co. It is possibly the oldest surviving composite construction sailing vessel still in existence, and shows this method of construction in detail, representing the steps made toward complete construction of ships in iron and then steel. It also shares connections to Australia, its original task, from 1864 until 1886, was to work as a cargo and immigrant ship making passages to South Australia.

DescriptionCITY OF ADELAIDE is a wooden planked, wrought iron framed hull and nearly 56 metres long. The fully rigged ship was launched in 1864 from the yard of its designer and builder William Pile from William Pile, Hay and Company in Sunderland UK. It was commissioned for immigrant passages and trade between South Australia and England and was managed by Devitt and Moore, a British shipping company formed in 1836.

William Pile and his brother John were amongst the pioneers in iron ship building in this era, recognising that there would be advantages in the use of metal for ship building, and CITY OF ADELAIDE was one of their early ships that included iron in its structure. The design of the ship was carefully considered and featured quite luxurious appointments for passenger accommodation, along with cargo holds for wool and other freight.

CITY OF ADELAIDE was a well-known vessel on its regular voyages sailing between England and South Australia. It made yearly voyages between the two countries, making a total of 23 from 1864 to 1886 carrying cargo and passengers. The outward cargo from England was of a general nature, but the return voyage included minerals, wheat and wool. A number of migrants whose families still remain in South Australia came out on one of the ship's regular voyages. It was considered a fast ship taking around 65 days for the passage to Adelaide.

In 1887 it was sold to Charles Mowll and went to work on the Canadian timber trade. In 1893 it became a floating hospital in Southampton, and then in 1923 it became part of the Naval Reserve in England and was renamed the HMS CARRICK. The vessel was later used as a training ship and then barracks for naval accommodation by the Royal Navy.

In 1992 the hull was salvaged and removed to Irvine in Scotland for preservation and potential restoration. The hull remained in one piece sitting on a slipway in Scotland for many years. Owners had been trying to raise funds for a planned restoration project but one feasibility report had indicated that a restoration was not possible without replacing and rebuilding almost all of the hull's structure.

In 2005 the intended fate was to record the vessel and retain selected parts only for display. A new party then expressed interest in taking over the CITY OF ADELAIDE to ensure its preservation as a complete vessel, and plans were put in place to build a cradle and have it shipped to South Australia. In October 2013 the vessel was moved by barge on a new cradle from Irvine to London's Chatham Dock as the first stage of its passage to Australia and in early February 2014 the vessel arrived in Port Adelaide aboard its transporting ship.


Vessel Details
Ballast:internal
Cabin or superstructure material and construction:steel/iron
Cabin or superstructure material and construction:timber planked
Current status:hard stand/cradle
Current status:non-floating
Current status:not on display
Current status:outside
Deck layout:multiple decks
Deck material and construction:timber planked
Hand propulsion/steering mechanism:tiller
Hull material and construction:carvelcarvel-planked
Hull material and construction:iron
Hull material and construction:timber
Hull shape:displacement
Hull shape:monohull
Hull shape:overhanging stem
Hull shape:overhanging transom
Hull shape:round bottom
Keel/centreboard/rudder type:full keel
Keel/centreboard/rudder type:keel hung rudder
Related materials:awards/trophies
Related materials:drawings
Related materials:interviews
Related materials:news clippings
Related materials:references
Rig type:square
Rig type:Tall shipsquare riggerwindjammer
Sail cloth:cotton
Spar material:timber
Additional Titles

Primary title: City of Adelaide

Previous title: SV Carrick

Previous title: HMS Carrick

Alternate Numbers

Official Number: 50036

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